The summer of 2019 has confirmed the cases of dengue. Different parts of Nepal that has been more affected are Kathmandu, Rupandehi, Jhapa and Chitwan.
More than 8000 dengue cases have been reported and an estimated 80,000 infections was seen in less than five months.
Dust in Kathmandu valley or any other cities
Kathmandu has become like a dust of a vessel. The conditions of the roads are terrible and the roads are being devastated in the name of reconstruction and maintenance. Besides the demolishment of the roads, the city has been polluted via old vehicles too.
Unmanaged traffic and increasing number of vehicles are the main causes that makes the roads dusty. According to CEIC Data, 21059 units are imported to Nepal in 2018 which is almost double the imports in 2017.This has affected all living beings residing there.
Flood and Landslide:
Floods and landslides resulting from heavy rainfall in monsoon have ruined have affected 28 eastern districts of Nepal with the severe damages in many districts of province 1 and province 2.
So, these rural areas are very vulnerable to these disasters and they have affected many lives and shelters.
We don’t have proper waste management system in our country. For instance, Kathmandu is the capital of the country, we, locals, haven't seen so called ‘clean places’ ever.
So talking about the problems of garbage management system, people are even affected with different health issues.
Water and Energy shortage
Even though Nepal has several mountains rivers that can be used to produce huge amount of electricity , it continues to face such problems .
Though there are many traffic rules and regulations, it’s implementation is not properly done in our country . Road accidents are being more and more common in Nepal, mostly in Kathmandu.
Nepal ranks second on water resources yet Nepal has been facing the problems of irrigation which can be solved by public.
Lack of Innovation in Agriculture
Nepal is known for an agriculture. Yet Nepal imports vegetable and fruits from India. According to the Himalayan times article published on July 2019, “As per data of the Department of Customs (DoC), vegetables worth Rs.14.77 billion were imported in the first half of this fiscal as compared to imports worth Rs. 11.36 billion in the same period of fiscal 2017-18”.
According to the World Bank, agriculture is the main source of food, income and employment for the majority. It provides about 33% of the gross domestic product (GDP).
A report from IFAD, The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) will extend a loan and grant of US$39 million to the Government of Nepal to finance the Improved Seeds for Farmers Programme with the goal of promoting inclusive, competitive and sustainable agricultural growth. But investment in agriculture is very low.
Water pollution is a serious environmental issue. Water pollution has affected the lives of human and animals in all aspects.
Water pollution is very hazardous to the environment. The water we drink daily looks clean; however, it is contaminated with microscopic pollutants.
Climate change has been discussed issue globally. According to WWF Nepal, Human vulnerability to climate change is linked with poverty, exclusion, reliance on rain-fed agriculture, lack of basic services and limited alternative livelihoods.
It is also linked with social inequalities, limited access to information, and exclusion from key decision-making process.
Lack of alternative sources of energy
In Nepal, transport sector consumes about 63% of total imported fuel and the majority of this fuel is consumed by vehicles in kathmandu valley.
According to the news published in My Republica, the total number of motor vehicles plying across the country reached nearly 3.1 million as of Mid-May says Department of Transport Management (DoTM).
We rely on fuel and diesel and are helpless in cases of shortages. Lack of alternative energy sources is a major concern.
Menstrual health/ sanitation
Apart of females living in cities have facilities of sanitary pads and awareness regarding menstruation.
But, the females who live in rural areas are not provided with those amenities, moreover they use old traditional and unhygienic cloths, in many rural areas, females are compelled to go to a chau goth.
However, Government has promiosed to provide free sanitary pads in schools. According to the news published in The Himalayan Times, “The Federal Budget presented by Finance Minister for the fiscal year 2019/2020 has allocated budget to make sanitary pads available for free in public schools. Yet, they lack information on this context, carelessness roots different kinds of health issues.